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Two- and one-way immersion programs are types of dual language programs. Two-way programs enroll a balance of native English and partner language speakers. One-way immersion programs enroll primarily native English speakers. In both programs students are taught literacy ...
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Curtain and Dahlberg (2010) in the 4th edition of "Languages and Children: Making the Match" have contributed a redefinition of foreign language elementary school (FLES) teaching and learning. They have coined the term language-focused (i.e., language-driven) models, ...
My understanding is that "Less Commonly Taught Language" has traditionally meant any language other than the three most frequently taught at high schools and colleges in the United States in the twentieth century, i.e., Spanish, French and German. While this definition ...
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Dual language is a form of education in which students are taught literacy and content in two languages. These programs aim for bilingualism (see related links for definition) and bilieracy (see related links for definition), academic achievement equal to that of students ...
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Proficiency guidelines provide a common metric against which to measur performance in speaking, reading, writing and listening in a second language; a common yardstick with which to begin the discussion of performance assessment.
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21st Century Skills encompass the skills, knowledge and expertise students should master to succeed in work and life in the 21st century. These skills include: Creativity and Innovations Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Communication and Collaboration ...
Performance Guidelines are the performance standards that define "how well" a student should be expected to do the "what" defined in the content standards. The ACTFL K-12 Performance Guidelines set forth characteristics of language users at the various stages ...
Content standards are what students know and be able to do in foreign language education in grades, four, eight, twelve and sixteen. These standards are intended to serve as a gauge for excellence, as states and local districts carry out their responsibilities for ...
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The ability to speak fluently in two languages.